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Kerala (കേരളം, Kēraḷaṁ) is a state in the Indian Union located at the southern part of the Indian peninsula. It is bordered on the north by Karnataka, south and east by Tamilnadu and the west by the Arabian sea.The Western Ghats towering 500-2700 m in the east and networked by forty four rivers, Kerala enjoys unique geographical features that have made it one of the most sought after tourist destinations in Asia. An equable climate. A long shoreline with serene beaches. Tranquil streches of emerald backwaters. Lush hill stations and exotic wildlife. Waterfalls. Sprawling plantations and paddy fields. Ayurvedic health holidays. Enchanting art forms. Magical festivals. Historic and cultural monuments. An exotic cuisine.All of which offer you a unique experience. And what's more, every one of these charming destinations is only a two hour drive from the other. A singular advantage no other destination offers.
Kerala, India's most advanced society : A hundred percent literate people. World-class health care systems. India's lowest infant mortality and highest life expectancy rates. The highest physical quality of life in India. Peaceful and pristine, Kerala is also India's cleanest State.For administrative purpose, the state of Kerala is divided into fourteen districts. Most of these districts offer all the tourism products typical of the StateThiruvananthapuram, the capital, and Kochi are the major towns. The principal spoken language is Malayalam though other languages are also spoken. Kerala is one of the most densely populated states in India and ranks 12th among states in terms of population. Social and educational reforms enacted in the late 19th century by Cochin and Travancore were expanded upon by post-independence governments, making Kerala one of the most literate, healthiest, and gender-equitable regions in India.Kerala has one of the most advanced educational systems in India.Though the state's basic human development indices are roughly equivalent to those in the developed world, the state is substantially more environmentally sustainable than Europe and North America.A survey conducted in 2005 by Transparency International ranked Kerala as the least corrupt state in the country.Nevertheless, Kerala's suicide, alcoholism, and unemployment rates rank among India's highest.
The first mention of Kerala is seen in a 3rd-century-BC rock inscription by emperor Asoka, where it is mentioned as Keralaputra. This region formed part of ancient Tamilakam and were ruled by the Cheras. They had extensive trade relations with the Greeks, the Romans and the Arabs. In the 1st century AD Jewish immigrants arrived, and it is believed that St. Thomas the Apostle visited Kerala in the same century.The Chera Kingdom and later the feudal Nair and Namboothiri Brahmin city-states became major powers in the region.Early contact with Europeans later gave way to struggles between colonial and native interests. The States Reorganisation Act of 1 November 1956 elevated Kerala to statehood.
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